Who is Being Assessed or Evaluated?:
Self-report (e.g., survey, questionnaire, self-rating)
Source of Data:
Health care providers, staff
Notes for Data Sources:
The tool is intended for use with healthcare management teams. In the first several phases of the study, data from n=155 respondents from 27 hospital teams were used to conduct exploratory factor analyses, compute measures of internal consistency, and to support predictive validity analyses. Participating teams ranged in size from 4-19 persons and included unit general managers, heads of nursing, accountants, personnel managers, and senior medical consultants. In the latter phases of the study, data from n=971 respondents from an independent sample of 121 teams were used to execute confirmatory factor and discriminant analyses. Organizations in this sample included 35 primary health care teams; 24 management teams in an international oil company, and 20 community psychiatric care teams.
Reported perceptions, experiences of working relationships, teamwork
Organizational environment, culture
Notes for Content:
The TCI assesses four climate factors predictive of innovation. A fifth factor ("interaction frequency") was also suggested in both the exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, but was not part of the original theoretical model.
- Participative safety (further split into Participative safety and Interaction frequency)
- Task orientation
- Support for innovation
38 items; no time length specified.
Three response formats are used depending on the item content. A 5-point Likert-type scale ranging from "strongly disagree" (1) to "strongly agree" (5) is used for agreement questions. A 7-point Likert-type scale ranging from "not at all" (1) to "completely" (7) is used for questions of degree. A 7-point Likert-type scale ranging from to "a very little extent" (1) to to "a very great extent" (7) is used for questions of extent.
In this study, senior management teams were contacted to participate in the study. A researcher visited the site and outlined the procedure. Managers were then sent the questionnaires to distribute, and individual team members were responsible for returning the questionnaires by mail.
Scores for all team members are summed by section of the questionnaire. These sums are then divided by number of people on the team who complete a questionnaire.
English (Norwegian, Swedish, and Finnish translations of the TCI are available in the literature).
Subscription (can be viewed in journal article)
Notes on Access:
Contact the author to confirm permission to use.