Who is Being Assessed or Evaluated?:
Informal groups, networks, colleagues
Self-report (e.g., survey, questionnaire, self-rating)
Source of Data:
Health care providers, staff
Notes for Data Sources:
1,685 registered nurses from 125 nursing units in 13 Catholic hospitals in the U.S., varying in hospital type and size.
Behaviors / skills
Organizational environment, culture
Notes for Content:
The SOS tool measuring nursing behaviors is a unidimensional measure of safety-related behaviors in hospital settings.
Preoccupation with Failure
- "When giving report to an oncoming nurse, we usually discuss what to look out for"
- "We spend time identifying activities we do not want to go wrong"
Reluctance to Simplify Interpretations
- "We discuss alternatives as to how to go about our normal work activities"
Sensitivity to Operations
- "We have a good 'map' of each other’s talents and skills
- "We discuss our unique skills with each other so we know who on the unit has relevant specialized skills and knowledge"
Commitment to Resilience
- "We talk about mistakes and ways to learn from them"
- "When errors happen, we discuss how we could have prevented them"
Deference to Expertise
- "When attempting to resolve a problem, we take advantage of the unique skills of our colleagues"
- "When a patient crisis occurs, we rapidly pool our collective expertise to attempt to resolve it"
A related survey completed by respondents in the validation study addressed aspects of respondents' personal commitment and belonging (3 items), and trust in manager (2 items).
9 items; time requirements are not specified.
9 item 7-point scale ranging from not at all (1) to a very great extent (7).
Paper-and-pencil instrument was mailed to respondents.
Scores are meant to be aggregated to the unit level.
Open access (available on this website)
Notes on Access:
Can be partially viewed in journal article. Contact author to confirm access.