Assessment and Evaluation

Advancing Assessment and Evaluation

This is your gateway to finding measurement tools that can be used to assess individual learners, groups, teams, practice environments, and organizations; and to evaluate the impact of interprofessional education programs and collaborative practice on Triple Aim Outcomes. 

Assessment for Collaborative Environments (ACE-15)

The ACE-15 was designed to help faculty and administrators conduct a rapid assessment of the quality of interprofessional teamwork in clinical sites.  Results can be used as a guide for placing learners (students, residents) in positive teaching environments in which interprofessional collaboration is being modeled.  This 15-item, self-report survey is appropriate for a broad array of health professionals working in a variety of clinical sites. A validity study including 192 healthcare...
Tilden, V.P.
Eckstrom, E.
Dieckmann, N.F.

Collaborative Practice Assessment Tool (CPAT)

The CPA is a 56-item self-report tool completed by team members.  It was developed as part of several grant-funded projects in Canada under the leadership of the Office of Interprofessional Education and Practice at Queen's University, which maintains a useful website on the tool.  The instrument assesses collaborative practice among care giving team members, patients and clients.  The goal is to foster self-reflection on team strengths and limitations, and to guide education efforts.  In...
Schroder, C.
Medves, J.
Paterson, M.
Byrnes, V.
Chapman, C.
O'Riordan, A.
Pichora, D.
Kelly, C.

Communication and Teamwork Skills (CATS) Assessment

The CATS was designed to measure communication and team skills of health care providers in an onsite (in situ) tool. Specifically, the tool measures situational awareness, coordination, communication, and cooperation.  Observers rate 21 behaviors based on crisis resource management behavioral-based markers.  A preliminary study observed healthcare workers in gastric bypass surgery, interdisciplinary rounds, and cesarean sections.  The results are meant to provide rapid cycle feedback from a...
Frankel, A.
Gardner, R.
Maynard, L.
Kelly, A.

Communication Assessment Tool- Team (CAT-T)

The CAT-T is a patient satisfaction survey focused on the quality of communication received from a medical team during a visit to the emergency department.  "Communication" refers to the interactions between members of the health care team and the patient (not interactions among health care team members).  "Communication skills" was considered a single unitary construct undelying all of the items.  The CAT-T represents a replication of a previously studied instrument, "...
Mercer, L.M.
Tanabe, P.
Pang, P.S.
Gisondi, M.A.
Courtney, D.M.
Engel, K.G.
Donlan, S.M.
Adams, J.G.
Makoul, G

Multidisciplinary Team- Observational Assessment Rating Scale (MDT-OARS)

This observational assessment tool was designed for cancer multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings. Specifically, it contains items related to 15 criteria associated with the team, infrastructure for meetings, meeting organization and logistics, and clinical decision making. The content is based on recommendations from a large-scale survey about effectiveness in MDT in the UK.  A pilot validation study conducted on 10 bowel cancer teams reported good inter-rater reliability (0.68 and above) for...
Taylor, C.
Atkins, L.
Richardson, A.
Tarrant, R.
Ramirez, A.

Observational Teamwork Assessment for Surgery (OTAS)

This observational tool was designed to assess the non-technical skills of surgical teams in real time in the operating theatre.  It was based on the patient safety literature which found that lack of interpersonal skills (e.g., communication, teamwork, leadership) and cognitive skills (e.g., decision making, situational awareness, mental readiness) contributed to adverse patient complications and errors.  Trained raters use the one-page form to observe and score three subteams separately (...
Hull, L.
Arora, S.
Kassab, E.
Kneebone, R.
Sevdalis, N.

Patient's Insights and Views Observing Teams Questionnaire (PIVOT)

The PIVOT is a 16-item, self-report survey that asks patients to evaluate team behaviors (e.g., interactions, communications, coordination), as experienced in a recent visit to an emergency department.   Items were developed through a line of research that included exploratory interviews with patients and caregivers to identify areas for item development, a web-based survey of health care providers and patient advocates to structure the survey, and cognitive interviewing with patients and...
Henry, B.W.
Rooney, D.M.
Eller, S.
Vozenilek, J.A
McCarthy, D.M.
.

Student Perceptions of Physician-Pharmacist Interprofessional Clinical Education (SPICE-2)

The SPICE instrument was designed to measure medical and pharmacy students’ perceptions of interprofessional education experiences in experiential education settings. Specifically, the tool measures interprofessional teamwork and team-based practice, roles/responsibilities for collaborative practice, and patient outcomes from collaborative practice in a 10-item self-report questionnaire. The results of the tool are meant to promote a consistent IPE experience across multiple institutions...
Zorek, J.A.
Fike, D.S.
Eickhoff, J.C.
Engle, J.A.
MacLaughlin, E.J.
Dominguez, D.G.
Seibert, C.S.

Survey of Organizational Attributes for Primary Care (SOAPC)

The SOAPC was designed to measure the perspectives of clinicians, nurses, and staff on the internal resources of small family medicine practices. Specifically, the tool measures communication, decision making, stress/chaos, and history of change in a 21-item self-report instrument. The results are meant to provide a practical resource for benchmarking practices and guiding interventions. A validation study of 640 staff from 51 family practices demonstrated a four factor structure and good...
Ohman-Strickland, P.A.
Orzano, A.J.
Nutting, P.A.
Dickinson, W.P.
Scott-Cawiezell, J.
Hahn, K.
Gibel, M.
Crabtree, B.F.

Team Climate Inventory (TCI)

The TCI was developed to measure team climate among management teams in healthcare organizations.  Based on a theoretical model, the tool measures four facets (vision, participative safety, task orientation, and support for innovation) in a 38-item self-report questionnaire.  Aggregated to the team level, the tool's results are intended to support team building and organizational development in healthcare teams.  The development of the TCI included pilot testing of a longer instrument (61...
Anderson, N.R.
West, M.A.