Assessment and Evaluation

Advancing Assessment and Evaluation

This is your gateway to finding measurement tools that can be used to assess individual learners, groups, teams, practice environments, and organizations; and to evaluate the impact of interprofessional education programs and collaborative practice on Triple Aim Outcomes. 

The University of Auckland Behavioural Rating Scale (UA-BRS)

This tool was designed to assess teamwork behaviors exhibited by critical care teams during simulated emergencies.   Specifically, leadership and team coordination, mutual performance monitoring, and verbalising situational information are rated in 23 items. The tool can be completed by team members (group self-assessment) and/or by observers. The 2011 validation study was conducted on 160 individuals in 40 critical care teams engaged in 4 scenarios each. Results helped establish the factor...
Weller, J.
Frengley, R.
Torrie, J.
Shulruf, B.
Jolly, B.
Hopley, L.
Hendersdon, K.
Dzendrowskyj, P.
Yee, B.
Paul, A.

Teamwork Assessment Scale (TAS)

The purpose of the TAS is two-fold: to train and to assess undergraduate medical students' ability to work in teams during ward rounds.  Based on a theoretical model of teamwork, it measures team functioning using a 14-item observational tool applied in a simulation lab. In the validation studies, small teams of 3-4 medical students and chiefs of medicine participated in three different simulated scenarios that were designed to assess team coordination, cooperation, information exchange,...
Kiesewetter J.
Fischer M.R.

Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM)

This observational rating tool was designed to assess the nontechnical performance of team members during resuscitation events. Specifically, it focuses on team leadership, teamwork, and task management as performed by acute care specialists (e.g., physicians, nurses).  The tool includes ratings of 11 specific behaviors and also a global performance item.  A thorough investigation of content, construct, and concurrent validity of the tool was conducted.  In the latter investigations, analyses...
Cooper, S.
Cant, R
Porter, J.
Somers, G
Kinsman, L
Nestel, D

Team Observed Structured Clinical Encounter (TOSCE)

This tool was designed to assess the teamwork behaviors of interprofessional student teams as demonstrated in a clinical setting. Specifically, the tool measures communication, collaboration roles and responsibilities, collaborative patient-family-centered approach, conflict management/resolution, and team functioning. Two versions of the 7-item tool are provided to assess individual performance separately from team performance, and they may be used concurrently. In the validation study, the...
Lie, D.
May, W.
Richter-Lagha, R.
Forest, C.
Banzali, Y.
Lohenry, K.

Multidisciplinary Team- Observational Assessment Rating Scale (MDT-OARS)

This observational assessment tool was designed for cancer multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings. Specifically, it contains items related to 15 criteria associated with the team, infrastructure for meetings, meeting organization and logistics, and clinical decision making. The content is based on recommendations from a large-scale survey about effectiveness in MDT in the UK.  A pilot validation study conducted on 10 bowel cancer teams reported good inter-rater reliability (0.68 and above) for...
Taylor, C.
Atkins, L.
Richardson, A.
Tarrant, R.
Ramirez, A.

Interprofessional Collaborator Assessment Rubric (ICAR)

The ICAR is a competency-based assessment rubric designed for health and social care students and providers.  Specifically, the tool measures communication, collaboration, roles and responsibilities, a collaborative patient-family-centered approach to care, conflict management/resolution, and team functioning.  Observers rate individuals on 31 IPCP competency statements.  As a formative assessment, ICAR provides learners with constructive feedback on competency areas for further development.  ...
Curran, V.
Hollett, A.
Casimiro, L.M.
Mccarthy, P.
Banfield, V.
Hall, P.
Lackie, K.
Oandasan, I.
Simmons, B.
Wagner, S.

Modified Oxford NOTECHS Assessment (Oxford NOTECHS II)

This tool was designed to evaluate the non-technical skills of operating theatre teams as they perform surgery. Specifically, the Oxford NOTECHS II measures leadership and management, teamwork and cooperation, problem-solving and decision-making, and situational awareness.  Two observers (one clinical, one human factors) rate the degree to which surgical teams maintain patient safety and effective teamwork behaviors in 14 items. The results are meant to be combined with a technical performance...
Robertson, E.R.
Hadi, M.
Morgan, L.J.
Pickering, S.P
Collins, G.
New, S.
Griffin, D.
McCulloch, P.
Catchpole, K.C.

Metric for the Observation of Decision-Making (MODe)

This tool was designed to assess collaborative processes taking place within multidisciplinary team (MDT) case conferences, as members discuss the diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients.  Team members include surgeons, oncologists, radiologists, pathologists, and clinical nurse specialists.  Specifically, the MODe measures how thoroughly patient information is presented; how effectively the chair runs the meeting; and the extent to which the various specialists contribute productively to...
Lamb, B.W.
Wong, H.W.L.
Vincent, C.
Green, J.S.A.
Sevdalis, N.

Individual Teamwork Observation and Feedback Tool (iTOFT)

The iTOFT is a work-based assessment tool of interprofessional teamwork behaviors.  It was created by a consortium of seven universities on three continents as a way to provide meaningful feedback to students and novice professionals. It was developed through a literature review of the existing teamwork assessment tools, a discussion of accreditation standards for the health professions, Delphi consultation, and field-testing with an emphasis on its feasibility and acceptability for formative...
Thistlethwaite, J.
Moran, M
Dunston, R.
Roberts, C.
Eley, D.
Bognossian, F.
Forman, D.
Bainbridge, L.
Drynan, D.
Fyfes, S.

Observational Teamwork Assessment for Surgery (OTAS)

This observational tool was designed to assess the non-technical skills of surgical teams in real time in the operating theatre.  It was based on the patient safety literature which found that lack of interpersonal skills (e.g., communication, teamwork, leadership) and cognitive skills (e.g., decision making, situational awareness, mental readiness) contributed to adverse patient complications and errors.  Trained raters use the one-page form to observe and score three subteams separately (...
Hull, L.
Arora, S.
Kassab, E.
Kneebone, R.
Sevdalis, N.